Spinal or back diseases frequently cause discomfort when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. They can also limit movement. Treatments differ by disease, but sometimes they consist of back braces and surgery. To some patients, minimally invasive spine surgery has likely to treat spinal diseases and disorders through much smaller incisions and with less tissue partition.
Leading clinical studies that examine outcomes of minimally invasive procedures to see to what range they differ from standard open techniques. Spinal nerve and cord function is checked routinely during surgery to prevent injury to vital neurological structures. The total goals of treatment are pain relief, prevention of paralysis and restoration of functional capability.
Detailed information at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spineinjuriesanddisorders.html